Harlem, Georgia

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Harlem, Georgia
Location in Columbia County and the state of Georgia
Location in Columbia County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°25′1″N 82°18′50″W / 33.41694°N 82.31389°W / 33.41694; -82.31389Coordinates: 33°25′1″N 82°18′50″W / 33.41694°N 82.31389°W / 33.41694; -82.31389
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyColumbia
Area
 • Total6.30 sq mi (16.32 km2)
 • Land6.29 sq mi (16.28 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
554 ft (169 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,666
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
3,371
 • Density536.36/sq mi (207.07/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
30814
Area code(s)706
FIPS code13-36696[3]
GNIS feature ID0331913[4]
Websiteharlemga.org

Harlem is a city in Columbia County, Georgia, United States. It is part of the Augusta metropolitan area. The population was 2,666 at the 2010 census,[5] up from 1,814 in 2000. This city was named after the neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan.[6] Harlem is the birthplace of comedian Oliver Hardy; the annual Harlem Oliver Hardy Festival is held on the first Saturday each October on Main Street in his honor.

History[edit]

From the building of the Georgia Railroad which passes through town until at least the 1860s, Harlem was known as Saw Dust. The town is twinned with Ulverston in England, the birthplace of Stan Laurel, the partner of Oliver Hardy.

Geography[edit]

Harlem is located in southern Columbia County at 33°25′1″N 82°18′50″W / 33.41694°N 82.31389°W / 33.41694; -82.31389 (33.416822, -82.313762),[7] with its western boundary following the McDuffie County line. U.S. Routes 78 and 278 pass through the center of town, leading east 23 miles (37 km) to downtown Augusta and west 12 miles (19 km) to Thomson. U.S. Route 221 crosses US 78/278 in the center of town, leading north 5 miles (8 km) to Interstate 20 and 21 miles (34 km) to the South Carolina border, and south 16 miles (26 km) to Wrens.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Harlem has a total area of 4.5 square miles (11.7 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.04 km2), or 0.36%, is water.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880292
1890647121.6%
1900527−18.5%
191073639.7%
19207988.4%
1930784−1.8%
1940736−6.1%
19501,03340.4%
19601,42337.8%
19701,5408.2%
19801,485−3.6%
19902,19948.1%
20001,814−17.5%
20102,66647.0%
2019 (est.)3,371[2]26.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

At the 2000 census there were 1,814 people in 704 households, including 506 families, in the city. The population density was 719.9 people per square mile (277.9/km2). There were 763 housing units at an average density of 302.8 per square mile (116.9/km2). The racial makup of the city was 70.95% White, 25.41% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 1.10% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26%.[3]

Of the 704 households 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 24.1% of households were one person and 9.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.07.

The age distribution was 29.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% 65 or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.8 males.

The median household income was $30,500 and the median family income was $36,307. Males had a median income of $27,833 versus $22,098 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,439. About 15.1% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Harlem city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  6. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 103. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

External links[edit]